China's government moves to prop up stocks in Shanghai and Shenzhen

01/14/2013 1:25 pm EST


Jim Jubak

Founder and Editor,

Stocks on China’s three markets rallied overnight after the head of the China Security Regulatory Commission said that China could increase ten-fold two programs that allow foreign investors to buy stocks and bonds on mainland markets. As you might imagine, investors and traders in China took this as a sign that the Beijing government wants stocks to go up.

Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index was up 0.6% on the news but the bigger jumps took place in Shanghai, where the Shanghai Composite Index climbed 3.1%, and Shenzhen, where the Shenzhen Composite rose 3.3%. The Shanghai Composite Index is now up 18% from the low on December 3. The biggest winners were among brokerage, banks, and property developers. For example, shares of Citic Securities, China’s biggest brokerage, climbed 6.2% in Hong Kong and 6.9% in Shanghai.

Expanding the amount that foreign investors could invest in mainland markets would require raising the quotas in the Renminbi Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors and the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors programs. The first allows yuan held offshore in Hong Kong to be invested in mainland markets; the second allows foreigners to buy yuan-denominated stocks and bonds. Since 2003 to November 30, 2012, China’s regulators have approved a combined quota of $36.04 billion.

Expanding these quotas would go along with other recent steps to increase foreign ownership of mainland stocks and bonds (and to prop up slumping equity markets.)  In December the government removed the ceiling on investments by overseas sovereign wealth funds and central banks.

In today’s session trading volumes on the Shanghai Composite were 38% higher than the 30-day average. The stocks in the index trade at 12.8 times trailing 12-month reported earnings. The seven-year average for the index, according to Bloomberg, is 21.4 times reported earnings.
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