China's inflation may have peaked in July--August rate drops to 6.2%
09/09/2011 2:08 pm EST
China’s economic growth rate is projected to slow to just below 9% this year and then to drop to 8.3% in 2012.
China’s central bank last raised interest rates in July and the bank increased reserve requirements most recently on August 27. The one-year lending rate stands at 6.56% and the interest rate paid on bank deposits at 3.5%. The country’s largest banks are required to keep 21.5% reserves after the latest move.
I don’t think the drop to 6.2% will lead to anything like a quick cut in interest rates—too much of today’s drop could be wiped out by a shift in oil or pork prices. But I think the People’s Bank is likely to go on hold for a while joining the central banks of Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, all of which held rates steady in decisions announced on September 7.
(And, yes, the official inflation rate in China seriously understates the actual inflation rate, estimated to be twice as high as the official rate. It’s a shock, I know, to learn that any government in the world would ever rig the inflation numbers. Never happen in the United States, of course, right? But the People’s Bank uses the official rate to set monetary policy so even if everyone knows the official rate is way too low, for financial markets it’s the official rate that counts.)
In my opinion it will take another month or two of good inflation news to convince financial markets that the cycle of interest rate increases has come to a temporary end. That belief would be good news for China’s stocks, which have suffered from fears of a domestic economic crash and higher interest rates since peaking last November.