How Tesla Finances Rise in Q3. Musk May Need More Capital in 2019

11/07/2018 3:33 pm EST


Paul Dykewicz

Editor, Eagle Finanical Publication

Tesla’s finances gained a boost when the company produced its promised third-quarter profit, fueling a surge in its share price and spurring interest among its top shareholders to provide or to consider further investment in the Silicon Valley-based electric car company, writes Paul Dykewicz.

One of those shareholders is its billionaire CEO Elon Musk, who teamed up with his employees to prove doubters wrong on Oct. 24 when Tesla Inc. (TSLA)  reported its first profit in two years and only its third in the company’s 15-year history, after aggressively ramping up production of its Model 3 cars. Tesla’s finances are far from settled but its $312 million in Q3 net income, based on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), sparkled compared to a loss of $717.5 million in Q3 last year and $619.4 million in Q2 this year.

Tesla officials described the third quarter as “historic” with its Model 3 becoming the best-selling car in America when measured in revenues and fifth based on the number of units sold. With average weekly Model 3 production through the third quarter, excluding planned shutdowns, of roughly 4,300 units per week, Tesla met its internal cost efficiency targets to reach a Model 3 gross margin of more than 20%, based on GAAP, topping the company’s previous guidance.

Plus, Tesla’s finances gained an extra boost as its total cash rose by $731 million to produce free cash flow of $881 million, despite less than 10% of that amount coming from working capital items such as payables, receivables and inventory. Free cash flow gains reflect Tesla’s operating cash flow, after subtracting its capital expenditures.

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Chart Courtesy of

Tesla’s finances gain boost with new investments

Musk recently spent an additional $10 million on Tesla to buy shares of its common stock on the open market, according to a new filing with the SEC. He previously agreed to buying $20 million in Tesla stock that likely will take place next week to fulfill a commitment disclosed in an Oct. 16 filing with the SEC in which he also accepted a settlement with the agency that was approved by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

That agreement resolved the SEC’s lawsuit against Musk for previously announcing plans to consider privatizing the company and tweeting “funding secured” without having anything finalized for his proposed $420 a share purchase price. 

The SEC forced Musk to give up his role as Tesla’s chairman for the next three years and to pay $20 million fine that his company matched to compensate investors “harmed” by his tweet about having funding to take the company private. His latest stock purchases give him an estimated 20 percent ownership in the company.

Another major shareholder, Baillie Gifford, confirmed recently that it is willing to invest further in Tesla. The investment company, based in Scotland, is regarded as a long-term investor and previously has backed technology leaders on the ascent such as Netflix (NFLX) and Facebook (FB).

Yet a third large Tesla shareholder, Baltimore-based T. Rowe Price (TROW), reported that it has boosted its stake in the car maker in a 13G filing with the SEC on Sept. 30. T. Rowe Price is a mutual fund company that has earned additional profits by investing in growth companies as part of its business strategy.

Tesla’s finances fueled in Q3 by heightened production

Tesla’s finances also look stronger now after it announced its third-quarter car production hit 80,142 and its deliveries rose to 83,500 with an increased mix of “higher-priced models.” The company’s delay in launching its lower-priced, $35,000 version of its Model 3 helped to boost the average pricing on the vehicles sold in the third quarter.

An auto industry analyst who “underweights” Tesla shares but correctly predicted the company would turn a third-quarter profit is Barclays’ Brian A. Johnson. He affirmed his $210 a share price target for the electric auto maker in an Oct. 25 research note.

Tesla’s earnings for the third quarter of $2.90 per share on a GAAP basis blew away the modest profit of $0.19 a share forecast by Barclays and a consensus $0.03 loss. Johnson is predicting Tesla’s cash position will remain flat and include the repayment of $230 million in convertible debt. Tesla’s increased Q3 production had led Barclays to boost its earnings estimate for the car company before the results were announced.

Tesla’s finances should be assessed when 10Q is filed with SEC

Despite Tesla’s better-than-expected third-quarter financial results, investors should be careful not to “pass any judgment” until the company files its 10Q for that three-month period with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), said Hilary Kramer, whose Value Authority investment advisory service has achieved double-digit percentage profits in its past six closed positions.

There were some “oddities” about the third-quarter’s gross profit per vehicle doubling sequentially from the second quarter, as well as an unusually large decline in administrative expenses despite increased sales, Kramer added.

“These all added to reported profitability,” Kramer continued. “The question is how real or sustainable it is.”

However, Kramer previously indicated to me that Tesla’s planned introduction of its Model 3 at a $35,000 price point next year could be “interesting.” Kramer currently is not recommending Tesla or any auto manufacturer, after advising subscribers of her Turbo Trader and Inner Circle advisory services to sell Ford Motor Co. (F).

Tesla’s finances and profits lift ARK Innovation Fund

Dr. Mark Skousen, leader of the Forecasts & Strategies investment advisory service, recommended the technology-focused ARK Innovation (ARKK) fund on Oct. 29, after stop losses he set to protect double-digit-percentage gains triggered as the fund’s share price fell along with Tesla’s stock.

Tesla, ARKK’s top holding, surged sufficiently after its profitable third-quarter to sway Dr. Skousen to recommend it again.

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Chart Courtesy of

Forecasts & Strategies received attention for generating a 64.1 percent return for its clients who were advised to invest in Ford in December 2009 and hold through January 2011 as the manufacturer overcame financial troubles. No automobile companies are among Dr. Skousen’s current recommendations.

As Citron Research, a former short seller in Tesla, announced in late October prior to the car company’s earnings release, much of the media has focused on Musk’s “eccentric, outlandish and, at times, offensive behavior,” without reporting how he has disrupted the auto industry and turned his company’s electric cars into a mainstream product. With Tesla’s Model 3 leading the mid-size luxury car class and its Model S becoming the largest seller in the large luxury car market, the company is gaining traction for the future.

Tesla’s finances are far from adequate to take the company much beyond next year without a new capital infusion, but its third-quarter profit and production gains show it could be a force for other automakers to face well into the future. If that happens, Musk may end up with another successful entrepreneurial venture, despite his recent public podcast in which he smoked marijuana, drank whiskey and talked about his hopes and dreams.   

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