Fed Seems Confused & Biofuel Farmers Feel Betrayed

08/22/2019 11:19 am EST

Focus: ENERGY

Phil Flynn

Senior Energy Analyst, The PRICE Futures Group

The energy outlook is as confusing as Fed policy as minutes show a wide variance by FOMC members. Meanwhile producers of biofuels not feeling love from Administration, writes Phil Flynn.

The Fed minutes show the Fed is all mixed up. Some Fed members wanted a 50-basis point rate cut. Other fed members wanted no cut at all, and still other Fed members were in the middle. That lack of clear conviction is one reason oil can’t find a real direction. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) did not provide much help as they sent as many mixed signals as the Fed. The EIA reported a disappointing 2.7-million-barrel crude draw, in line with expectations, but it was a smaller draw than it might have been without the magic crude supply upward revision of 4.18 million barrels. Yes, the EIA keeps adding phantom barrels to the market. Still even though we saw a drop-in demand and an overall build in oil products, the demand story in the U.S. is still very strong and the crude supply, even with another phantom crude build, is just 2% above the five-year average.

The EIA reported that demand based on total products supplied over the last four-week period averaged 21.5 million barrels per day, up by 3.1% from the same period last year. Over the past four weeks, motor gasoline product supplied averaged 9.7 million barrels per day, up by 1.5% from the same period last year. Domestic gasoline demand fell 306,000 barrel per day from last week’s record high. Export demand for gasoline increased 223,000 barrel per day. Distillate fuel product supplied averaged 3.8 million barrels per day over the past four weeks, down by 1.6% from the same period last year.

Refinery demand hit an impressive 17.7 million barrels-per-day, above the five-year range for the month so far and 401,000 barrels-per-day more than the previous week’s average. Refineries operated at 95.9% of their operable capacity last week. Gasoline production decreased last week, averaging 9.9 million barrels per day. Distillate fuel production increased last week, averaging 5.3 million barrels per day.

U.S. oil exports went up by 325,000 barrels-per-day, dismissing the myth of the death of U.S. exports because of the U.S.-China trade war.

The EIA also said that, for the third week in a row, U.S. crude production stayed stagnate at 12.3 million barrels a day. Not 12.2 or 12.4 but 12.3. Again. It’s almost amazing with all the crude basin and production areas around the country, the production comes in exactly the same. Makes you wonder if they actually know the production number, or if they are just guessing. Based on the 4.1-million-barrel crude upward revision, I assume there is a lot of guessing.

Market activity has not been good for bulls or bears as the crude market, like the Fed, can’t make up its mind. Volatility is falling and day traders looking for small moves are the only ones that are happy with the market action. The market was moved early on by geopolitical risk stories, like Iran saber rattling about safety in the world’s shipping lanes. Long term, we still believe that oil demand will exceed expectations and we are still near a bottom, but it looks like we may have to be patient before we break out of this wedge.

Farmers are not patient as the ethanol war continues. Reuters reports that “The agriculture and biofuel industries and their U.S. congressional allies ramped up pressure on the Trump administration on Wednesday over the relief he has given oil refiners from rules requiring use of biofuels. Long-suffering American farmers, a constituency President Donald Trump is counting on in his campaign for re-election in 2020, have seen prices for crops hit hard by his trade war with China. This month, farmers also complained that a government crop report did not reflect damage from historic flooding this spring.

Farmers have been infuriated at the administration's decision to grant waivers exempting 31 oil refineries from rules requiring them to blend corn-based ethanol into gasoline. National and state trade groups along with their political allies delivered letters to the White House over the past 48 hours detailing the damage the waivers have caused the biofuel industry. Democratic presidential hopefuls have used the refinery issue as a cudgel, echoing farm groups who say Trump has betrayed them by siding with Big Oil. Alarmed, the Republican president ordered his cabinet to find ways to boost biofuel demand. 

The Iowa Soybean Association's letter to the White House said the refining exemptions were forcing biodiesel producers to shut plants and lay off workers. Soybeans are a feedstock for biodiesel, so growers have been hurt. "It's becoming more difficult to understand why your administration is choosing to support higher profits for oil companies instead of providing some stability for farmers," said the letter, signed by Lindsay J. Greiner, president of the state's soybean association. Iowa, the largest U.S. producer of corn and ethanol, is a swing state won twice by Democrat Barack Obama. The state switched to the Republican candidate in 2016, in part because Trump promised to support ethanol. Cindy Axne, a Democrat who represents Iowa's third district, wrote to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, urging its independent watchdog to investigate the small refinery waivers granted between 2016 and 2018.”

"What we're seeing with this administration is a dogged approach to allow the biggest fossil fuel players an opportunity to put more money back in the pockets of their large shareholders and take that money out of the pockets of hardworking farmers right here in Iowa," Axne said at a news conference.

Republican Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds, a Trump political ally, along with the state's head of agriculture, said in a letter to the EPA that rural families have borne the brunt of the trade war and are now being pinched by the refinery waivers. “Ethanol consumption fell for the first time in 20 years, commodity markets are depressed, and many biofuel plants, including several in Iowa, have already slowed or halted production," the letter said. The battle between Big Oil and farmers over the U.S. biofuel policy has been a headache for Trump, who campaigned in 2016 as a champion for ethanol.

Read Phil’s energy report at Price Futures Group. Twitter: @energyphilflynn | Facebook: Phil Flynn
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