Nancy Davis is the founder and managing partner of Quadratic Capital Management, which she founded in 2013. Ms. Davis began her career at Goldman Sachs where she spent nearly 10 years, the last seven with the proprietary trading group where she rose to become the head of credit, derivatives and OTC trading. She has been the recipient of numerous industry recognitions. Ms. Davis was named by Barron's as one of the "100 Most Influential Women in US Finance" and Institutional Investor called her a "Rising Star of Hedge Funds." The Hedge Fund Journal tapped her as one of "Tomorrow's Titans."
While realized inflation is near record highs, future inflation expectations are subdued, and future inflation expectations are benign. A key risk is an increase in inflation expectations could bring back nightmares from 2022 when both bonds and equities declined together hurting all portfolios. Investors should be wary of inflation expectations rising above the Federal Reserve's 2% target. Following the economic devastation that the Financial Crisis wrought, central banks throughout the world engaged in massive and unprecedented programs of quantitative easing. When these quantitative easing (or so-called money printing programs) began, a small but vocal minority of economists and investors predicted that the consequences of such programs would be high levels of inflation, essentially arguing that the cure would be worse than the disease. Up until COVID, most of those envisaging inflation were faced with evidence to the contrary. Post COVID, realized inflation has been surging but consensus remains that inflation has peaked. The US yield curve has inverted, bringing the 2s10s spread to its lowest level in the history of derivative markets, even lower than the 1980s levels. In this session we will discuss what has been learned from the current inflation shock and what we can do differently in the future to have more diversified portfolios.
The inflation-protected bond market started in 1997 when the US Treasury issued TIPS. TIPS have limitations. First, they are bonds so they will absolutely lose money given their duration risk when yields move higher. Second, the only measure of inflation within TIPS is a single index: the Consumer Price Index (CPI). CPI is just one index, like the Dow Jones, is one index. It's not the only way to measure inflation. One-third of CPI is RENT. Rent is not relevant for many as a measure of inflation. Inflation is everywhere in our day-to-day lives. Do you think hiking policy rates will matter? Is the cause of inflation directly related to fiscal spending and money supply coupled with the shortages in the labor market and supply chain disruptions around the world? Will higher US policy rates mean no more chip crisis, or will it bring more truck drivers or end Russia's invasion of Ukraine?
The Bloomberg Agg Index has no inflation protection and is short of interest rate volatility (due to its large mortgage exposure).
Inflation is a silent thief. Should investors be worried? How can they defend their portfolios from it? Major bond indexes make no provision for it and CPI may not even be the right measure. This panel of experts will explore different ways to measure inflation and incorporate strategies to diversify fixed-income portfolios.