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Why 2012 Is No Year-Ago Replay
01/09/2012 4:45 pm EST
Have we been here before?
It feels like those days in 2011 when the US stock markets were the best performers in the world. But this isn’t just a replay of 2011. There are significant differences.
In 2011, US stock markets beat all the other major markets in the world.
The overall absolute performance for 2011 wasn’t all that great: The Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index climbed just 1.2%. But the relative out performance versus global markets was stunning.
For 2011, emerging markets (as tracked by the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Index (EEM)) were down 18.8% and the world’s other developed markets of Europe and Japan (as tracked by the iShares MSCI EAFE Index (EFA)) were down 12.2%.
This January looks remarkably similar so far. Europe has continued to sink—EFA is down 0.77% for 2012 through January 6. Emerging markets are doing better with EEM up 0.75%. But the US Standard and Poor’s 500 is up 1.76%.
The driver for the out performance of US stocks in 2011 was the ability of the US economy to exceed expectations. While projections for growth in the Eurozone and in emerging economies have been falling, US economic data, while not in absolute terms all that great, have exceeded expectations.
Job growth of 200,000 in December may not be enough to cut unemployment significantly (especially when you factor in the 40,000 or so seasonal jobs delivering packages at FedEx (FDX) and UPS (UPS) that were added in December but will get subtracted in January), but it did beat consensus expectations of 150,000 net jobs for the month and the November figure of 120,000 jobs.
Economists have expressed worries that while US economic growth will come in at 3.5% or so in the fourth quarter of 2011, it will drop back to 2% in the first quarter of 2012.
Investors, however, have been more than willing to overlook those reservations to ride the hot momentum hand in the first week of 2012. For example, homebuilding stocks, one of the most battered groups in 2011, are among the best performers of 2012 so far. And the more battered a stock was in 2011, the bigger the gain in 2012.
And it’s this speculative optimism that makes the first days of 2012 different from the relative outperformance of 2011. Wall Street analysts have turned decidedly negative on earnings as we begin earnings season with fourth quarter forecasts now calling for just 6.9% year-to-year earnings growth and an even skimpier 3% forecast for the first quarter of 2012.
For the rally that has begun 2012 to have some legs, we’ll need to see some other sectors add their bit to the housing-generated momentum. Technology is the best chance. Today, momentum favorites, F5 Networks (FFIV) and Broadcom (BRCM), are up 4.3% and 2.8%, respectively, as of 2:15 pm ET (F5 Networks is a member of my Jubak’s Picks 12-18-month portfolio).
If other momentum plays join in, this rally might run for a while, but rallies built on momentum make me nervous. They tend to end dramatically—if the momentum doesn’t get support from economic fundamentals.
- The 6 Big Themes for 2012
- 4 Winners from 2011…and More for 2012
- Sector Selection Is the Key for 2012
Full disclosure: I don’t own shares of any of the companies mentioned in this post in my personal portfolio. F5 Networks is a member of my Jubak’s Picks 12-18 month portfolio. The mutual fund I manage, Jubak Global Equity Fund, may or may not now own positions in any stock mentioned in this post. The fund did own shares in F5 Networks as of the end of September. For a full list of the stocks in the fund as of the end of September, see the fund’s portfolio here.
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