A battle is currently underway for the future of the internet via Web 3.0 and blockchain technology. Only it is not what most investors think, says Jon Markman, growth-stock specialist and editor of Strategic Advantage.
He has a point.
The current internet, Web 2.0, is a massive communications network where users exchange packets of data for digital products and services like Facebook and Google. This information is collected, mined, and used primarily to serve relevant advertisements back to consumers. This part of the business is not materially different than television and radio.
Where Web 2.0 outflanks traditional ad-supported media is the exchange of data, which also means Facebook and Google can tailor content to keep users engaged longer, collecting even more data. Over time, machine learning algorithms enabled them to make educated guesses about user behaviors that have become ad buyer nirvana.
What is So Great About Web 3.0?
Web 3.0 uses blockchain technology and decentralization so consumers can remain anonymous. This breaks the stream of data being collected by big tech companies for their algorithms. It also removes control of that information because the data is decentralized over many computers across the entire network, as opposed to a single network. Messages and posts are not attached to individual accounts, nor can they be removed by a central governing authority.
This would mean greater user control over personal data. Unlike Web 2.0, users would own their content. And the issuance of tokens would incentivize developers to maintain network security. It’s a win-win, in theory.
There are some important assumptions being made, though.
The architects of Web 3.0 assume anonymity and less regulation will lead to greater freedom for members. There is also the part about network security and tokens.
In Web 3.0, changes to the network are made through voting. This democratization is not as cut-and-dried as Web 3.0 proponents would have us believe. Those with the most tokens get the most votes.
Jack Dorsey has a good idea what entities are going to end up with the most tokens.
Andreessen Horowitz has devoted $3 billion to investments in Web 3.0, according to a report Tuesday at The Verge. The venture capital firm has also made big investments in crypto firms OpenSea and Dapper Labs, the developers building important Web 3.0 platforms.
Dorsey dismisses the idea that Web 3.0 will democratize the internet. His tweet is meant to hit the VCs where it hurts most. He’s claiming that the platforms they’re building are not decentralized. They’re Facebook, Google et. al with a different label.
And that brings me back to my original argument.
The best way to invest in the future of the internet is the current internet. Both Meta Platforms and Alphabet, the parent companies of Facebook and Google, are wonderful companies with long histories of building products consumers love and use every day.
Nobody is forcing 2.1 billion Facebook members to come back every day to view their daily feed. Arms are not being twisted at YouTube as members watch one billion hours of content daily. These businesses won the web by building better products.
There is a false premise that Facebook and YouTube members feel their privacy is being stolen. If this was true, membership would be declining, yet Facebook continues to grow year-after-year.
Statista notes Facebook members are approaching 60% of the connected world. And YouTube reached 2.3 billion users earlier in 2021, according to Business of Apps. This is about 10x Netflix (NFLX).
At a price of $334.20, Meta Platforms shares sell at only 23.4x forward earnings despite gross margins of 80.9%. Alphabet stock, currently selling at $2,889.45, trades at 25.5x forward earnings, with gross profit margins of 56.5%.
Members with a long-term outlook should consider buying these stocks into any near term weakness.